Turkey's population exceeds 75.5 million as growth rate decreases
People walk along a main shopping street of İstiklal in İstanbul. (Photo: Reuters, Osman Orsal)
The rate of population increase in Turkey dropped from 13.5 per thousand in 2011 to 12 per thousand in 2012, according to the latest figures announced by the Turkish Statistics Institute (TurkStat) on Monday.
The population of the country increased by 903,115 in 2012 compared to the previous year and was 75,627,384 as of Dec. 31, 2012. Men outnumbered women as 50.2 percent of the population comprised males (37,956,168) while the female population stood at 49.8 percent (37,671,216), according to the latest statistics.
İstanbul's population increased
The population of the provincial and district centers also rose in 2012 as 77.3 percent of the total population resided in the centers in 2012 as opposed to 76.8 percent in 2011. The population growth of İstanbul continued in 2012. The number of people residing in the city increased by 1.7 percent over the previous year, bringing the population to 13,854,740. İstanbul is followed by Ankara with a population of 4,965,542 and a 6.6 percent population growth compared to 2011, İzmir with 4,005,459 and 5.3 percent, Bursa with 2,688,171 and 3.6 percent and Adana with 2,125,635 and 2.8 percent growth. The northeastern province of Bayburt has the smallest population with 75,797 people.
The population density rose with the increasing population in 2012. Population per one square kilometer increased by one person compared to 2011 and became 98. The density is highest in İstanbul with 2,666 people per one square kilometer. Kocaeli followed İstanbul with 453. The third densest province is Gaziantep with 264 and the fourth is Bursa with 258. The province with the least density is Tunceli with 12 persons per one square kilometer.
Turkey is ageing
The average age of Turkey's residents increased from 29.7 years to 30.1 in 2012. The average age was 29.5 years for mean and 30.6 for women. The provinces with the greatest number of average-aged people are Sinop (37.5 percent), Çanakkale (37.2 percent) and Balıkesir (37.2 percent) while the provinces with the smallest number of individuals near the average age were Şırnak (18.5 percent), Şanlıurfa (18.9 percent) and Ağrı (19.5 percent).
The population in the 15-64 age group, considered the working age generation, increased by 1.5 percent in 2012 and totaled 51,088,202, making it 67.6 percent of the total population. The 0-14 age group comprised 24.9 percent of the population with 18,857,179 individuals, while the age group of 65 and over increased to 5,682,003, accounting for 7.5 percent of the country's population.
The study was conducted through the Address-Based Population Registration System, which uses the National Address Database to track the number of people living at a specific address. It uses national identification numbers in the case of Turkish nationals and passport numbers in the case of foreigners to count the national population. The system went into effect in 2007.