Two different ‘Turkish models’
Is there a Turkish model that can be adopted in the Middle East? Considering specifically the state Egypt is now in, it is safe to say that there is an irony that both the current rulers of the country, who aim to get the revolution, inspired by the Arab Spring, under control and to carry on the system of tutelage, and those who aim to achieve a revolution within the current system, mostly members of the Muslim Brotherhood, are inspired by “a Turkish model.”
The first group, which desires the continuation of tutelage while pretending to adopt democracy, is inspired by the political structure adopted in the post-Sept. 12, 1980, coup period. And the Turkish model that the Muslim Brotherhood is inspired by is, basically, the experiences of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) and other Islamist movements. However, it is clear that neither the social nor the political structure of Egypt overlaps with Turkish ones. The process of secularization and Westernization Turkey has gone through has resulted in sharp polarization.