Hollywood stars including Meryl Streep and Javier Bardem have backed efforts to push the treaty, which has been more than a decade in the making. Digital technology has made it easy to download movies or television shows without paying for them.
Actors’ rights to remuneration and protection of their work -- unlike those of directors, screenwriters and musicians -- are not included in current international copyright law. Actors whose shows or films are sold abroad currently have no legal right to payment for those broadcasts, and if payment is made, it generally goes to the producer. They also have no rights in many countries if their work is manipulated in any way that may harm their reputation.
“It’s a real problem -- it’s not an artificial problem,” Francis Gurry, the World Intellectual Property Organization’s director general, told Reuters in an interview on Wednesday. “The actors are the ones, in the international framework, who have not been catered for.”
An agreement between the United States and European Union last year paved the way for concluding the pact, though the ratification process by the UN body’s 185 member states will take longer.
Once the treaty is signed in Beijing next week it will be up to individual countries to enforce its provisions, Gurry said, acknowledging that that could be hard in many places. “These are necessary steps in the right direction. We have to follow through on the ground to make sure that it isn’t just a symbolic act, to make sure it’s got some reality to it,” he said. “I know it’s frustrating -- why can’t it happen overnight? The reality is that it requires a complete social adjustment.”