The decision to sanction a rally of up to 30,000 on Saturday on a square across the river from the Kremlin appears to be an attempt to avoid the violence that occurred at demonstrations after last Sunday’s parliamentary election.
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s United Russia Party won about 50 percent of the vote, barely holding onto its majority in the lower house. But Russia’s opposition parties and observers said that even that result was highly inflated because of vote-rigging, and international monitors also pointed to ballot stuffing.
The post-election protests in Moscow drew thousands and continued for several days in the biggest ever challenge to Putin, reflecting a growing public frustration with his rule that may complicate his bid to reclaim the presidency in March’s vote. The rallies were brutally dispersed by police, who rounded up hundreds of protesters.
The protesters have used the Internet to coordinate their action. Over 30,000 people have already signed up to a Facebook page on Saturday’s protest, and similar rallies are also planned in many cities across Russia to demand an investigation into the alleged vote fraud and call for a new vote.
Ilya Ponomaryov, a lawmaker who is one of the leaders of the Left Front opposition movement, described the protest planned for Saturday as a watershed event similar to massive rallies that helped bring down Communist rule two decades ago.
“We expect it to become the biggest political protest in 20 years,” he said at a news conference.
Putin served two presidential terms from 2000 until 2008, when he shifted into the prime minister’s job to abide by constitutional term limits, but remained the nation’s No. 1 leader. Putin’s decision to swap seats now with his protege, President Dmitry Medvedev, has angered many Russians, who fear it will further strengthen authoritarian trends in his policy and lead to political and economic stagnation.
Putin still seems all but certain to win the March election, but he clearly has been taken aback by the tide of public anger. On Thursday, he accused US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton of instigating protesters in order to weaken Russia and warned that his government might take an even harder line against those who try to influence Russia’s political process on behalf of a foreign government. Alexander Gorbenko, a deputy mayor of Moscow who has allowed Saturday’s protest, sternly warned its participants Friday that any attempt to hold a march after the rally will be stopped by police.