Under the new project, İstanbulites will enjoy a monorail system that will run on the Şişhane-Kulaksız-Cemal Kamacı Sports Center line on the European side of the city. The project will be launched in 2008 and is foreseen to be completed in 2010.
A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; the term is also used for a vehicle traveling on such a track. The idea of an İstanbul monorail was first brought up in the early 2000s, among other projects proposed for a faster, cheaper and more efficient means of transportation in the city; however, a monorail project could not be realized at the time.
The most common type of monorail in use today is the straddle-beam monorail, in which the train straddles a reinforced concrete beam in the range of 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) wide. A rubber-tired carriage contacts the beam on the top and both sides for traction and to stabilize the vehicle. There is also a form of suspended monorail in which train cars are suspended beneath the wheel carriage. In this design the carriage wheels ride inside the single beam.