Turkish study reveals different suicide triggers for men and women

A woman attempts to commit suicide as people try to dissuade her.

May 24, 2007, Thursday/ 19:09:00
Research conducted by the Eskişehir Osmangazi University (ESOGU) has revealed that failure in business is the primary motivation behind suicides in men while familial discord may drive women to take their own lives.The ESOGU Medical Faculty carried out research into “the regional differences in Turkey-wide suicides in 2003” based on State Statistical Institute (DIE) data under the guidance of Assistant Professor Çınar Yenilmez and with the participation of Assistant Professor Setenay Öner, Associate Professor Ünal Ayranc, Research Assistant Dr. Yasemin Kılıç and lecturer Dr. Gülcan Güleç, reported the Anatolia news agency.

Researchers attempted to examine regional differences in the motives behind suicide and draw attention to risk factors specific to those regions.

2,705 suicide cases examined

Data relevant to suicide motives and demographic information -- i.e., age and gender -- was collected from the births and deaths registry records. Figures from the year 2003 were used to compare different regions in Turkey, and the research included 2,705 cases of suicide, of which 58.2 percent involved men and 41.8 percent women. Three different age groups -- under 24, between the ages 25 and 64 and over 65 -- were used to make an effective comparison between genders.

According to the research results there was a visible connection between region and age and between region and gender in the suicides committed in 2003. The same research also found that there was a relation between age groups and gender. While in the regions of east and southeast Anatolia suicide rates were the highest in the under age 24 group, in the Marmara, Aegean, Central Anatolia, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions the highest percentage fell in the 25-64 age group.

Marked difference between the sexes

While the suicide rate was higher in women in east Anatolia, the other regions examined had higher suicide rates in men. Women from the 24 and under age group were more suicidal than men, whereas men from the over 25 group were shown more prone to suicide. The research showed that illness, failure at school and in business were the primary motives behind all suicides committed in 2003.

General hardship and business failures were cited as the most significant reasons for suicide by men, while familial discord, emotional upset, break-ups and failure to marry the person of choice were the primary motives for suicide in women. In the Aegean region poverty was the main reason for suicide, whereas illness plays a major role in the Mediterranean, failure at school in Central Anatolia and the Black Sea region, and domestic violence and unrest in east Anatolia and southeast Anatolia.

A general concept -- familial discord -- stems from a wide variety of socio-cultural reasons including illiteracy, lack of girls’ participation in educational activities, immigration from rural areas to urban cities, forced marriages at an early age, illegal marriages, rapid social changes and the negative impact of the media, noted the report.

 

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