German police used pepper spray and batons against thousands of anti-capitalist demonstrators from the Blockupy movement on Saturday during a second day of protests in Frankfurt against Europe's austerity policies.
Planned rallies in struggling euro zone members Spain and Portugal drew fewer people than expected, but in Germany's financial capital around 7,000 protesters marched with signs reading "Make love, not war" and "IMF -- get out of Greece."
The protest was initially peaceful but small groups of masked protesters then hurled stones and smoke bombs at the police who responded with force.
Several protesters and police officers were hurt before the action died down later in the evening. Police at the scene said several arrests had been made, but could not say how many.
A first day of protests on Friday in Frankfurt succeeded in paralyzing some of the city's financial institutions, cutting off access to the ECB's iconic tower office building and Deutsche Bank's headquarters.
Police angered marchers on Saturday by halting them before they could pass close to the ECB building after protesters let off firecrackers.
In a statement, Blockupy accused the police of wanting to "escalate" tensions and of blocking a legitimate protest.
"This is scandalous," spokeswoman Ani Diesselmann said. "The [original] route was approved by several legal institutions."
Police said officers had been repeatedly attacked by the small group of demonstrators, making it necessary for them to use force and pepper spray.
Protests against the "troika" of international lenders that has bailed out struggling euro zone states -- the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Union -- were planned in several countries on Saturday.
Reuters witnesses said several thousand Spaniards gathered at the peak of Saturday's protest in central Madrid, but this was fewer than similar events had attracted in the recent past.
One thousand or fewer took to the streets in Lisbon, while only a few dozen rallied in austerity-weary Athens, where attendance at protests has dwindled in the absence of much noticeable impact on policy.
A march in the southern French city of Toulouse attracted 3,000 people, according to police.
Former leftist presidential candidate Jean-Pierre Melenchon told French television the protests across Europe proved people had a "a European consciousness, a political consciousness."
Europe's Blockupy movement was formed after the Occupy Wall Street movement in 2011. They blame the budget cuts and labor market reforms supported by the ECB, the IMF and European financial and political leaders for driving the continent into a recession that has left more than a quarter of Greeks and Spaniards out of work and millions of Europe's poor worse off.
"This is a good opportunity [to protest]. Youth unemployment is so important right now," said Antonia Proka, 25, a Greek who now lives in the Netherlands.
"I have lots of German friends who don't find jobs so the problems are the same, we are on the same side," she said.
While more than half of Spaniards and Greeks under the age of 25 are unemployed, only 8 percent of Germans and Austrians from the same age group are out of work.
Governments struggling with large debt burdens have cut spending and raised taxes, deepening recession across the euro zone, while many families are deep in debt or have lost their homes after property bubbles burst.
Germany's own economy has been fairly resilient to the crisis and many in Europe's struggling southern states blame Chancellor Angela Merkel for enforcing the painful policies in exchange for EU funds which largely come from Germany.
As well as the ECB, on Friday the Blockupy demonstrators targeted several large commercial banks, stores and Frankfurt airport.