The post-Ottoman period was a hard time for people in Middle Eastern countries. All Middle Eastern countries and Muslims in Asia, the Balkans and the Caucasus paid a high price after the Ottoman Empire collapsed.
First, they faced the inhumane, colonial policies of the West; then, in the post-colonial period, nation-states were established there. However, they were not established as a result of organic development processes; they were forced into establishment, which ultimately resulted in bureaucratic or militaristic oligarchies. Therefore, the process called as the Arab Spring expresses a new phase in this process of historical development. It is wrong to see this spring as only a rebellion against anti-democratic regimes. We have to understand that these countries are trying to undergo change with dynamics such as civilianization and the emergence of various classes among their societies. The Arab Spring implies revolution, not rebellion, and the overthrow of dictators in these countries is the first step of this revolution.