After the summit ends on Sept. 1, the previous visa-free scheme for citizens of Turkey will be restored. However, Turkish visitors planning to go to Iran between Aug. 5 and 31 will be required to obtain a visa.
Iran has explained this decision as part of security precautions it is taking in connection with the summit in Tehran, which currently holds the three-year rotating NAM presidency.
NAM, founded in the former Yugoslavia in 1955, is the largest grouping of countries outside the UN and aims to give a voice to the developing world. The purpose of the organization, as stated in the Havana Declaration of 1979, is to ensure “the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries.”