French President Nicolas Sarkozy will not be invited to an international summit set to convene in İstanbul to discuss Syria, underscoring Turkish protests against the French leader for his support of efforts to criminalize denial of Armenian genocide claims, a Turkish news report said on Monday.
Turkey is preparing to host the second gathering of the “friends of Syria” group, which first met in Tunisia in late February. Participants agreed at that meeting that the second gathering will take place in İstanbul.
Turkish organizers of the gathering plan to invite the heads of state and governments and foreign ministers from about 70 countries. However, France will receive an invitation only for the foreign minister.
Both houses of the French Parliament passed a bill criminalizing denial of claims that Armenians were subject to genocide at the hands of the late Ottoman Empire during World War I. Sarkozy supported and reportedly even pressured parliamentarians to pass the bill, angering Turkey, which sees the bill as an attempt by Sarkozy to secure support from French-Armenians in the upcoming presidential election.
The bill was annulled by France's Constitutional council, which said it was contradictory to the principles of freedom of expression enshrined in France's founding documents. Sarkozy expressed disappointment at the Constitutional Council decision and asked the government to prepare a new draft taking into account the decision of the top constitutional body.
The second Friends of Syria meeting is now expected to take place later this month, from March 20-26 given Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's scheduled foreign visits, the Sabah daily reported. Erdoğan will visit Germany on March 17, attend ceremonies commemorating the anniversary of World War I-era events in Çanakkale on March 18 and will visit South Korea from March 26-27.
Turkey plans to invite Russia and China, two permanent members of the UN Security Council who vetoed a Security Council resolution against Syria and shunned the Tunisia gathering of the Friends of Syria. Foreign ministers from more than 50 countries, including US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, as well as representatives of the Syrian opposition attended the first meeting of the Friends of Syria in Tunisia.
Sabah said the Syrian National Council, representing the political wing of the Syrian opposition, is expected to be recognized as the “sole legitimate representative” of Syria during the İstanbul gathering. The meeting is also expected to produce crucial decisions regarding military aid to the Syrian opposition.
Foreign Minister Davutoğlu met with representatives of the Syrian National Council last week, discussing preparations for the İstanbul gathering of Friends of Syria.