However, this situation changed with the end of the Cold War, and some initiatives such as the founding of Turkish schools and institutions in the Middle East and the sale of Turkish TV series there have constituted the grounds for Turkish soft power in the region. Thanks to these instruments, Turkey’s policy in the Middle East was based on soft power, and in this way Turkey was able to become friends even with its enemies. However, the Mavi Marmara raid and Davos crisis were exceptions to this policy, and finally, the deteriorating relations with Syria have been the major breaking point. In all of these incidents, Turkey had to resort to hard power. Of course, the instruments of our foreign policy can change depending on time and place. But we have to ask whether Turkey can continue using soft power instruments.